Tuberculosis (TB) is a bacterial infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. TB can remain inactive (latent TB), sometimes for many years, before it becomes active. When TB progresses from latent infection to active disease it usually affects the lungs, but may affect any organ of the body.
Tuberculosis is either latent or active.
Latent TB means that you have the TB bacteria in your body, but your body’s defences (immune system) are keeping it from turning into active TB. This means that you don’t have any symptoms of TB right now and can’t spread the disease to others. If you have latent TB, it can become active TB.
Active TB means that the TB bacteria are growing and causing symptoms. If your lungs are infected with active TB, it is easy to spread the disease to others.
Lungs have an abundance of blood and oxygen and for that reason TB is most often found in the lungs. This is called respiratory TB. TB can also spread to other parts of the body, and this is called non-respiratory TB.
Treatment is often a success, but it is a long process that takes about 6 to 9 months of treatment with anti-TB medications.
TB is caught by breathing in the tiny drops coughed up or sneezed by a person who has TB. These drops are invisible and may contain TB germs. Once inhaled, the germs invade the lungs and slowly multiply. At this stage, the body’s own defences may fight off the infection. This often happens during childhood in countries where TB is common. Such TB infection may cause no symptoms or result in no more than a mild “flu” like illness. Only 10-20% of people infected in this way ever develop TB disease, mostly within one to two years. In the remainder, the germ may then cause no further trouble. However, in a small percentage, it may become active later in adult life when other illness or increasing age results in a weakening of the body’s natural defenses.
Symptoms of respiratory TB may include:
- cough (usually coughing up mucus)
- coughing up blood
- excessive sweating, especially at night
- unintentional weight loss.
Children are more likely to progress from latent TB to active disease than adults. They also have a higher risk of developing the most severe forms of disease. Older people are also at risk of severe disease. Although uncommon, severe bleeding (haemorrhage) can result from damage to the lungs in pulmonary TB patients.
The tuberculosis strain may become antibiotic resistant, particularly if the full antibiotic course is not taken.
The best home remedies for TB are:
- Garlic-Garlic has anti bacterial property as it contains sulphur. This helps in destroying the bacteria causing TB. Garlic also contains allicin and ajoene which helps to inhibit the bacterial growth. Garlic improves the immunity of the body. Cooked or raw garlic can be used as a remedy.
- Drumstick-Drumstick leaves have antibacterial and anti- inflammatory properties. This will help to eliminate the bacteria from the lungs. This remedy also helps to reduce the inflammation of the lungs caused by infection and coughing. Drumstick leaves are a good source of iron, calcium, carotene which improves the immunity of the body.
- Milk-Being the richest food source for the supply of organic calcium to the body should be taken abundantly. During the first few days of the treatment, the bowels should be cleansed on a daily basis with the tepid water enema and afterwards as necessary.
- Ginger-One of the top natural home remedies for tuberculosis has to be ginger. The presence of gingerol in ginger is a crucial component in holding back the mycobacterium bacteria growth of tuberculosis. Ginger also has a strong flavor. You can make a great tea if you add grated ginger in it.