Diabetic mellitus is a chronic disease of impaired glucose metabolism. If diabetes mellitus is not adequately controlled and glucose level remains high over prolonged period, blood vessels and nervous system are easily impaired and result in long-term damage of organs or even failure.
Normally, blood glucose levels are tightly controlled by insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas. Insulin lowers the blood glucose level. When the blood glucose elevates (for example, after eating food), insulin is released from the pancreas to normalize the glucose level by promoting the uptake of glucose into body cells. In patients with diabetes, the absence of insufficient production of or lack of response to insulin causes hyperglycemia. Diabetes is a chronic medical condition, meaning that although it can be controlled, it lasts a lifetime.
Diabetes affects approximately 29.1 million people (9.3% of the population) in the United States, while another 86 million people have prediabetes and don’t know it. An estimated 8.1 million people in the United States have diabetes and don’t even know it. Over time, diabetes can lead to blindness, kidney failure, and nerve damage. These types of damage are the result of damage to small vessels, referred to as microvascular disease. Diabetes also is an important factor in accelerating the hardening and narrowing of the arteries (atherosclerosis), leading to strokes, coronary heart disease, and other large blood vessel diseases. This is referred to as macrovascular disease.
People with diabetes are often asymptomatic. They can be diagnosed by checking blood glucose level during medical examination. As the disease develops, diabetes may present with symptoms or complications. Possible symptoms include:
- Increased thirst
- Frequent urination
- Extreme hunger
- Unexplained weight loss
- Presence of ketones in the urine (ketones are a byproduct of the breakdown of muscle and fat that happens when there’s not enough available insulin)
- Blurred vision
- Slow-healing sores
- Frequent infections, such as gums or skin infections and vaginal infections
Although type 1 diabetes can develop at any age, it typically appears during childhood or adolescence. Type 2 diabetes, the more common type, can develop at any age, though it’s more common in people older than 40.
The best natural remedies for diabetes are:
- Bitter Gourd juice-Karela or bitter gourd is one of the most effective home remedies for diabetes. Drinking bitter gourd juice is beneficial for both diabetes type 1 and 2. It will help you to maintain your sugar level as it has blood glucose lowering properties. It will help in the metabolism of the glucose in your body and prevents insulin resistance. It promotes insulin secretion by the pancreas. You can make bitter gourd juice at home. Cut the vegetable and deseed it. Now extract the juice in a juicer. You can add some water to adjust the consistency. Drink the juice early morning on an empty stomach daily for two month.
- Basil leaves-Basil leaves or tulsi have essential oils to lower the blood sugar levels in the body. Extract juice form basil leaves and drink 2 tablespoons of juice in the morning in an empty stomach.
- Green tea-Green tea has antioxidant properties that help to reduce the blood sugar level in the body. Drinking a cup of green tea daily in the morning in an empty stomach is good for your overall health.
- Vitamins and minerals– You can balance the blood sugar levels and keep your body healthy by eating fruits and vegetables rich in vitamins and minerals.