Sinusitis is also referred to as rhinosinusitis because inflammation of the nasal mucosa generally accompanies sinusitis. It can occur as a result of a variety of causes of inflammation, the pathophysiology being that this leads to sinus cavity obstruction and subsequent infection (acute sinusitis) and chronic inflammation (chronic disease). Knowing what type of sinusitis (or sinus infection) you have can be the first step in finding accurate treatment. Here are the two main types:
Acute sinusitis. Think of acute sinusitis as the situational kind. It lasts up to four weeks, but not longer. Typically, it stems from a common cold that lingers, allergies that flare up and won’t go away, or certain physical health factors that make people more prone to sinus trouble.
Chronic sinusitis. This kind is more stubborn. Chronic sinusitis lasts at least 12 weeks. Asthma and ongoing allergies can be to blame, along with certain pre-existing conditions that make nasal passages regularly inflamed.
Subacute: the inflammation lasts 4-12 weeks.
Recurring: there are >3 significant acute episodes in a year lasting ≥10 days with no intervening symptoms.
Both types of sinusitis have similar symptoms, such as:
- Sneezing and coughing
- Facial pressure or pain
- Nasal discharge
- Stuffy nose
- Dizziness when moving around or bending down
- Bad breath
With either type of infection, you’ll want to talk with a sinus doctor to help customize your treatment and pinpoint any possible underlying conditions, such as undiagnosed allergies.
Home Remedies For Sinus Infection
Garlic includes some chemical substance that could kill bacteria and fungal infections, and virus. As a sinus is a bacterial infection, using garlic could help you damage the bacterial infection and then treat sinus problem. There are a few ways to use garlic as one of home remedies for sinus infection.
Staying hydrated helps the body in many ways including keeping the sinuses moist. When suffering from a sinus infection it is important to drink enough water throughout the day while staying clear of caffeinated beverages and alcoholic drinks since they can cause dehydration.
Salt Water Rinse
Using a Neti pot or over-the-counter nasal irrigation system can help clear sinuses and relieve symptoms associated with a sinus infection while flushing any bacteria out. “Saltwater washes (saline lavage or irrigation) help keep the nasal passages open by washing out thick or dried mucus. They can also help improve the function of cilia that help clear the sinuses. This can help prevent the spread of infection to the other sinuses and reduce postnasal drip.
One simple, natural technique for relieving pressure and pain associated with sinusitis is to alternate applying warm and cold compresses to the nasal passages. Place a hot compress across your sinuses for three minutes, and then a cold compress for 30 seconds. Repeat this procedure three times per treatment, two to six times a day
Ginger / Turmeric Root
There are many benefits of turmeric you can take advantage of and one of them is sinus infection relief. Turmeric root is a powerful fragrant spice popularly found in some Middle Eastern and Indian dishes. Turmeric contains the natural anti-inflammatory curcumin and anti-oxidant as well. If combined with the spicy ginger root and then brewed for the hot tea, it could help in loosening mucus from clogged nasal passages, lessen sinus pressure, and make you feel much better.