A stroke occurs when the blood supply to an area of the brain is cut off. The symptoms depend upon the region of the brain that is affected by the loss of blood supply and can include changes in sensation or motor control.
Symptoms of a stroke also depend on how much of the brain tissue is deprived of blood supply. For example, someone who had a mild stroke may experience temporary weakness of an arm or leg, but those with a more severe stroke may be permanently paralyzed on one side of their body or be unable to speak. If the blood supply is not quickly restored, either on its own or via medical treatment, the effects may be permanent.
Some people fully recover completely from strokes, but over 2/3 of stroke survivors are left with some type of disability.
The following are the modifiable factors that contribute the most to increased risk of stroke:
- Cigarette smoking
- Insulinresistance (1)
- Abdominal obesity
- Lack of physical activity
- High-risk diet (egg, high in saturated fats, trans fats, and calories)
- Psychosocial stress (depression)
- Heart disorders (particularly disorders that predispose to emboli, such as acute MI, infective endocarditis, and atrial fibrillation)
- Hypercoagulability (thrombotic stroke only)
- Intracranial aneurysms (subarachnoid hemorrhage only)
- Use of certain drugs (cocaine, amphetamines)
The symptoms of stroke appear suddenly, over a few minutes or hours or at most a couple of days. Individuals should be able to recognize the 5 main symptoms of stroke and seek immediate medical attention if any of these symptoms occur:
- sudden paralysis or numbnessof the face, arm, or leg (usually on only one side of the body)
- sudden loss of speechor trouble understanding speech
- sudden loss of vision(often in one eye only) or double vision
- sudden dizzinessor loss of balance or coordination
- sudden severe and unusual headache
The best natural remedies to prevent a stroke are:
- Black or green tea-Drinking at least three cups of black or green tea per day may help reduce your risk of stroke. Tea flavonoids, which are plant nutrients, can help decrease cholesterol and blood pressure. Researchers in onestudy found that people who drank that amount of green or black tea had far fewer incidences of repeated stroke.
- Pomegranate-Pomegranate concentrate is high in antioxidants and phytosterols, which are plant steroids that lower cholesterol. Adding pomegranate concentrate with low-dosestatin therapy or the regular use of cholesterol-lowering drugs can help reduce cholesterol, according to the Israeli Institute of Technology. It may also lessen the statin’s side effects, such as muscle pain.
- Use herbs-Medicinal herbs that are used to prevent a stroke are periwinkle, cayenne pepper, ginger, goldenseal, garlic, gingko biloba as well as cranesbill.