Preterm Birth Complications
Preterm birth, also known as premature birth, is the birth of a baby at fewer than 37 weeks gestational age. These babies are known as preemies or premmies. Symptoms of preterm labor include uterine contractions which occur more often than every ten minutes or the leaking of fluid from the vagina. Premature infants are at greater risk for cerebral palsy, delays in development, hearing problems, and sight problems. These risks are greater the earlier a baby is born.
Preterm labor (also called premature labor) is labor that begins before 37 weeks of pregnancy. Because the fetus is not fully grown at this time, it may not be able to survive outside the womb. Health care providers will often take steps to try to stop labor if it occurs before this time.
A baby born before 37 weeks of pregnancy is considered a preterm birth (or premature birth). Preterm births occur in about 12 percent of all pregnancies in the U.S. It is one of the top causes of infant death in this country.
All premature babies are small, require complex medical care, and may face serious complications both in the NICU and at home. A baby born 3 to 4 months early, though, will face far different complications from a baby born 1 to 2 months early.
Possible complications include:
- Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS)
- Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia (BPD)
- Anemia of Prematurity
- Neonatal Sepsis and Other Infections
- Congenital Heart Disease
- Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP)
- Necrotizing enterocolitis (severe intestinal inflammation)
- Delayed growth and development
- Different pregnancy-related problems increase the risk of preterm labor or early delivery:
- A weakened cervix that begins to open (dilate) early, also called cervical incompetence
- Birth defects of the uterus
- History of preterm delivery
- Infection (a urinary tract infection or infection of the amniotic membrane)
- Poor nutrition right before or during pregnancy
- Preeclampsia: high blood pressure and protein in the urine that develop after the 20th week of pregnancy
- Premature rupture of the membranes (placenta previa)
The best natural remedies to help you with preterm labor are:
- Eat up-This is the time to pig out. Try to focus on quality carbs, lean proteins, and hearty veggies and fruits. But don’t beat yourself up if what you crave isn’t always considered “healthy”. Now is the time to splurge.
- Drink 2 or 3 glasses of water or juice. Not having enough liquids can cause contractions.
- Stop what you are doing, and empty yourbladder. Then lie down on your left side for at least 1 hour.
- Try to remember what you were doing when the symptoms started so that you can avoid starting the contractions again later.
- Do Proper Activities- Normally, during pregnancy, pregnant women should have do gentle activities to maintain the muscle strength and power. The pregnant women who have exercise routine before pregnancy still should maintain this habit while they are pregnant with duration and intensity adjusted depending on their own health situation, but they should avoid doing heavy activities and the practices which need to be focused too much.